At certain times, Luffy tends to adapt by utilizing his powers with the current situation to increase the strength of his techniques and to overcome any potential obstacles.
During certain situations, Luffy is sometimes forced to adapt in his use of his Devil Fruit powers in order to fight an enemy. This is usually due to an attack inflicted by an enemy on him that leaves him at a disadvantage. To compensate, Luffy thus adapts to the situation and turns his disability into an advantage instead.
The known techniques that Luffy has had to create under such circumstances and their origin are as follows:
- Gomu Gomu no Tonkachi (ゴムゴムのトンカチ Gomu Gomu no Tonkachi?, literally meaning "Rubber Rubber Hammer"): A technique that Luffy had to temporarily come up with while on Little Garden. While the Straw Hat Pirates were on Little Garden, they faced off against four of Baroque Works' Officer Agents; Mr. 5, Miss Valentine, Miss Goldenweek, and Mr. 3. Mr. 3 has the power of the Doru Doru no Mi, which allows him to produce and control a wax-like substance from his body. He used this wax power several times to wrap a large wax cylinder around Luffy's feet and then later arm. Instead of slowing Luffy down, Luffy actually uses the wax cylinder to his advantage. Using it like a hammer, he first destroyed the pole on Mr. 3's wax creation with a cylinder wrapped around his feet. Luffy then later broke through Mr. 3's Candle Wall and pounded Mr. 3 himself with a cylinder on his arm. The cylinders that bound Luffy's feet and arm both broke upon impact. This technique is called Gum-Gum Hammer in the Viz Manga and Gum-Gum Mallet in the FUNimation dub.
- Gomu Gomu no Hanabi: Ogon Botan (ゴムゴムの花火・黄金牡丹 Gomu Gomu no Hanabi: Ōgon Botan?, literally meaning "Rubber Rubber Fireworks: Golden Peony"): During Luffy's fight with Enel, Enel encased Luffy's arm in a Golden Ball he created by melting some gold with his Gloam Paddling technique. With this, Enel hoped to hinder Luffy's actions as he tossed him overboard the Maxim. Luffy however, despite burdened with this huge cumbersome object, was able to still move about and use his burden to his advantage in two techniques that he had to temporarily come up with. The first of these is Gomu Gomu no Hanabi: Ougon Botan. It is the same as Gomu Gomu no Hanabi, but with the Golden Ball attached to his arm. This technique was used against Enel's Raigo. By swinging the Golden Ball around, Luffy was able to use it as a conductor to destroy the storm cloud. The lightning all zapped through the ball and was discharged. This is called Gum-Gum Fireworks: Golden Peony in the Viz Manga and FUNimation dub. According to Oda in a response to a fan in a SBS, Luffy himself did not exactly know what he was doing when he did this technique. According to a fan poll, this is the nineteenth most favorite attack amongst fans with a total of 111 votes. A (tree) peony is a type of flower known as the Paeonia suffruticosa, or a moutan; however, the kanji for "botan" can also translate to "wild boar meat".
- Gomu Gomu no Ogon Rifle (ゴムゴムの黄金回転弾 (ライフル) Gomu Gomu no Ōgon Raifuru?, literally meaning "Rubber Rubber Golden Rotating Bullet"): The same as Gomu Gomu no Rifle but with the Golden Ball attached to his arm. This move possesses much more speed than a regular Gomu Gomu no Rifle in that it creates a massive sonic boom when used. After destroying Enel's Raigo with the Golden Ball, Luffy used this technique to defeat Enel and ring the Golden Bell of Shandora. This was so fast that even though Enel's Mantra ability could detect it, this was too fast for Enel to avoid. With this technique, Luffy was also able to break the Golden Ball encasing his arm as the ball hit the bell. In the Viz Manga and FUNimation dub, this is called Gum-Gum Golden Rifle. According to a fan poll, this is the thirteenth most favorite attack amongst fans with a total of 327 votes. The kanji's literal reading is "Ougon Kaitendama/Kaitendan".
- Gomu Gomu no Gigant Thor Axe (ゴムゴムの巨人の雷斧 (ギガント・トール・アックス) Gomu Gomu no Giganto Tōru Akkusu?, literally meaning "Rubber Rubber Giant Thunder Axe"): A Gear Third move performed when Luffy enlarges his leg and thrusts it high into a low-lying thundercloud. When he brings it down, the charged limb unleashes a massive shock wave, powerful enough to cause the entire island underneath to crumble and be destroyed. Later, the lightning travels through giant cracks to give more damage. This was first seen used to defeat Shiki, and was only possible thanks to the storm that they were fighting in. The attack was named after Thor, the Norse god of thunderstorms, who wielded a hammer rather than an axe. It is also said that every time Thor hit with his hammer, a lightning bolt would be brought from the skies, not always hitting the opponent, but usually just for demonstrating its powers. The kanji is literally read as "Kyodai no Raifu". In the FUNimation dub, this is called Gum-Gum Giant Thor Axe.
Throughout the series, Luffy is often faced with opponents that require unusual methods to defeat. For this reason, he sometimes adopts certain "forms" aside from his "Gear" forms intended to enable him to defeat those enemies. However, some of these forms are simply cosmetic and do not involve his Devil Fruit powers in any way, such as Afro Luffy, giving him no actual physical advantages whatsoever.
The named forms that Luffy has so far used are as follows:
In the fight with Crocodile, the leader of Baroque Works, Luffy used a barrel filled with water, in order to weaken Crocodile and make him vulnerable by disabling his ability to use his sand-morphing ability. With this Luffy could coat his appendages with water and use water-supported attacks against Crocodile along with a plan to soak Crocodile completely with water. However upon realizing the barrel and it's contents were in too much danger from Crocodile's attacks, Luffy later drains the entire barrel of water, becoming Mizu Luffy (水ルフィ Mizu Rufi?, literally meaning "Water Luffy"). Though at first glance the form looks idiotic and somewhat flawed as he had trouble keeping the water down (to the point of causing even the enemy Nico Robin to burst out laughing), it allowed Luffy to safely store the water and spit it out at Crocodile for use. Luffy stayed in this form until he was completely dried up by Crocodile.
The known Devil Fruit attacks that Luffy uses in this form are as follows:
- Mizu Mizu no Pistol (水水の銃 (ピストル) Mizu Mizu no Pistoru?, literally meaning "Water Water Pistol/Gun"): By drinking a barrel of water and becoming "Mizu Luffy", Luffy pumps water into his mouth with his arms before he spits spheres of water at his opponent. This was first seen being used against Crocodile. Aside from Luffy's regular Devil Fruit techniques enhanced by water while in this form, this is the only named technique used by Luffy unique to this form. In the Viz Manga and FUNimation dub, this is called Water-Water Pistol and in the 4Kids dub, it is called Water-Water Blast.
The technique's literal kanji reading is "Mizu Mizu no Juu".
During the Long Ring Long Land Arc, Luffy had to face Foxy the Silver Fox in the final event, Combat. Beforehand, he got to choose what he would wear for the fight. Usopp, who was with him, spotted a big black afro, and had Luffy wear it. Thus, Afro Luffy (アフロルフィ Afuro Rufi?) was born.
Usopp claims that the afro gives Luffy extra power. While donning the afro, Luffy also donned boxing shorts, boxing gloves, some type of straps on his feet, and had a temporary tattoo of a flaming skull and cross-bones on his chest. While wearing the afro, Luffy also tends to say things such as "Hell yeah!". Although only Nami and possibly Zoro think that it does not help anything, the others say "Because of the afro..." is how he gets more powerful (but they might be joking or just playing along).
Although this form only appears once in the original manga, Afro Luffy returns again in a filler episode. When Foxy tries to get his ship and crew back, he is forced to ask for Luffy's help. When doing so, he hands over the afro he had before, and Luffy uses it to fight.
The known Devil Fruit attacks that Luffy uses in this form are as follows:
- Gomu Hook (ゴムフック Gomu Hokku?, literally meaning "Rubber Hook"): Luffy launches an elongated hook, which can hit the enemy’s back due to his stretching ability. This was first used against Foxy. In the Viz Manga and the video game One Piece Grand Adventure (dubbed by 4Kids), this move is called Gum Hook.
- Gomu Gomu no Flail (ゴムゴムの連接鎚矛 (フレイル) Gomu Gomu no Fureiru?, literally meaning "Rubber Rubber Connecting Hammer Lance"): Luffy swings one arm in a circle at high speed, then drives his fist into his opponent. This was first used against Foxy. In the Viz Manga and One Piece Grand Adventure, this is called Gum-Gum Flail.
The literal reading for the kanji is "Rensetsu Tsuibou".
Before his fight against Gekko Moriah and Oars during the Thriller Bark Arc, the Rolling Pirates helped Luffy become temporarily stronger by infusing him with the power of one hundred shadows that were separated from their owners by Moriah's use of the Kage Kage no Mi. This enabled Luffy to become Nightmare Luffy (ナイトメア・ルフィ Naitomea Rūfi?). With Luffy's strong spirit, he was able to contain one hundred shadows within him when most normal people could only contain two or three. In this form, Luffy was several times bigger than his normal self and his skin turned completely blue. He was roughly the same size as Moriah and his body was similar to Chopper's post-timeskip Heavy Point. Luffy also talked differently, losing his usual carefree tone and instead speaking with a grim seriousness.
As Luffy possesses the Gomu Gomu no Mi, he is made of rubber and is thus able to stretch his fists to increase his range and attack momentum. By being further augmented by the 100 shadows, all of his normal techniques are further increased, enough to topple even Oars.
While in this form, Luffy was capable of using the combined strength and skills of the shadows within him. With this strength, Luffy was even capable of stopping a giant Gomu Gomu no Rifle attack delivered by Oars with one hand and delivering massive attacks onto the zombie behemoth. Because one of the shadows belonged to a swordsman, Luffy also gained the ability of fighting with swords, something he never knew before. He also appears to be able to move at an incredible speed, having safely snatched up both Nami and Usopp away from a rampaging Oars and it was only when Luffy made his presence known did Oars and Moriah learn about it.
This form however only lasted for ten minutes. After that, all of the shadows within Luffy returned to their original owners. Interestingly, Nightmare Luffy resembles Gear Fourth form.
- Gomu Gomu no Pistol (ゴムゴムの銃 (ピストル) Gomu Gomu no Pistoru?, literally meaning "Rubber Rubber Pistol/Gun"): Luffy's signature attack, a straight forward punch augmented by his elasticity stretching powers. As Nightmare Luffy, its strength is further augmented. In the game Unlimited Cruise, Nightmare Luffy adds momentum to this attack by spinning his arm around before "firing" the fist.
- Gomu Gomu no Storm (ゴムゴムの暴風雨 (ストーム) Gomu Gomu no Sutōmu?, literally meaning "Rubber Rubber Storm (Rain)"): One of Luffy's more powerful attacks, by inflating himself and then twisting his body, and using the momentum of untwisting and exhaling to release a massive barrage of fists upwards. As Nightmare Luffy, he uses an alternate version of the normal technique of the maneuver by twisting himself and then shoots himself sideways and hits Oars with a barrage of fists, all of which are far more powerful than his normal form. In the game Unlimited Cruise, Nightmare Luffy performs yet another alternative version by jumping upwards and launching the fists downwards.
In One Piece: Unlimited Cruise, he was also shown to use archery, as well as being able to spit out fireballs by drinking Sake.
At certain times, Luffy uses his Devil Fruit powers in combination with his crew and others. The known named techniques that Luffy uses with others are as follows:
- Armée de L'Air Gomu Shoot (空軍 (アルメ・ド・レール) ゴムシュート Arume do Rēru Gomu Shūto?, literally meaning "Air Force Rubber Shoot"): A combo attack between Luffy and Sanji. Luffy stretches and grabs Sanji's leg, and as Sanji kicks forward, Luffy uses a Gomu Gomu no Rocket, propelling him forward at higher speeds than normal. This was first seen being used against Wapol. This is called Armée de L'air Air Assault in the Viz Manga, Taffy Trouncer in the 4Kids dub, and Armée de L'Air Assault Gum Shoot in the FUNimation dub. The literal reading for the kanji is "Kuugun". In games/series' such as One Piece: Grand Battle, Sanji is able to use a solo-version of this attack.
- Gomu Gomu no Tatsu Épaule Muchi Maki Shoot (ゴムゴムの龍 肩肉 巻き ムチ シュート Gomu Gomu no Tatsu Epōru Muchi Maki Shūto?, literally meaning "Rubber Rubber Dragon Shoulder Meat Whip Twister Shoot"): A combo attack used by Luffy, Zoro and Sanji to kill a Sandora Lizard in the desert of Alabasta. It's a combination of Luffy's Gomu Gomu no Muchi, Zoro's Tatsumaki, and Sanji's Epaule Shoot. For this attack however, he uses his arm for the Gomu Gomu no Muchi instead of his leg. This is called Gum-Gum Dragon Epaule Twister Whip Sprawl in the Viz Manga and Gum-Gum Tatsu Epaule Maki Whip Shoot in the FUNimation dub. The kanji's literal reading is "Ryuu Ken'niku Maki".
- Gomu Gomu no Sanbyaku Pound Cannon (ゴムゴムの三百煩悩 (ポンド) 攻城砲 (キャノン) Gomu Gomu no Sanbyaku Pondo Hō?, literally meaning "Rubber Rubber 300 Pound Cannon"): A combo attack between Luffy and Zoro. Luffy and Zoro use the Gomu Gomu no Cannon and the 108 Pound Hou at the same time. This is actually a 216 Pound Cannon, but Luffy decided that name was too long and hard to pronounce. Zoro expressed amused indifference and accepted the new name for the attack. This was first used against a huge wave during the Aqua Laguna to let the Rocket Man pass. This is called Gum-Gum 300 Caliber Cannon in the FUNimation dub.
- 600,000,000 Belly Jackpot (６億Ｂ・ＪＡＣＫＰＯＴ (6おくベル・ジャックポット) Roku Oku Beri Jakkupotto?): This attack was a huge collaborative effort between Luffy, Zoro, Sanji, Robin, and Franky in an all-out, multi-directional assault against a horde of zombies. Luffy provides his trademark punches to the assault. This was first seen being used against a group of Zombies. The name is derived from The Straw Hats' combined bounties.
- Santoryu Gomu Gomu no Diable Mouton Jet Roppyaku Pound Cannon (三刀流ゴムゴムの悪魔風羊肉JET六百煩悩攻城砲 Santōryū Gomu Gomu no Diable Mouton Jetto Roppyaku Pondo Hō?, literally meaning "Three-Sword Style Rubber Rubber Devil's Mutton Jet 600 Pound Cannon"): A combo attack performed by all three top fighting members of the Straw Hat Crew: Zoro, Luffy, and Sanji. Zoro performs a 108 Pound Hō, while Sanji activates his Diable Jambe technique and delivers a Mouton Shoot, then Luffy uses Gear Second and fires a Gomu Gomu no Jet Cannon. The impact of the three techniques hits a single target simultaneously. This was first seen being used against PX-4. In the FUNimation subs, this is called Santoryu Gum-Gum Diable Mouton Jet 600-Caliber Phoenix and in the FUNimation dub, this is called Three Sword Style Gum-Gum Diable Mouton Jet 600-Caliber Phoenix Cannon.
- Gomu Gomu no Tonkachi Rifle (ゴムゴムのトンカチ･回転弾 (ライフル) Gomu Gomu no Tonkachi Raifuru?, literally meaning "Rubber Rubber Hammer Rotating Bullet"): A combo attack between Luffy and Mr. 3. Mr. 3 uses his Candle Lock technique on Luffy's hand to begin, whereupon Luffy stretches and twists his arm back before delivering a powerful blow aided by the hard wax. This was first used as the finishing blow to Minotaurus on Level 3 of Impel Down. Due to the extreme heat of the place, the Candle Lock only lasted for a very brief period of time, and the hammer melted as soon as the blow was dealt. This is called Gum-Gum Hammer Rifle in the Viz Manga and Gum-Gum Mallet Rifle in the FUNimation subs and dub.
- Gomu Gomu no Champion Rifle (ゴムゴムのチャンピオン･回転弾 (ライフル) Gomu Gomu no Chanpion Raifuru?, literally meaning "Rubber Rubber Champion Rotating Bullet"): A technique in which Luffy does a regular rifle technique, aided by Mr. 3's wax. To avoid making contact with Magellan's poisonous skin, Luffy had Mr. 3 encase his arms and legs in a wax armor, allowing him to hit Magellan without worry of harming himself. In the Viz Manga and FUNimation subs, this is called Gum-Gum Champion Rifle.
- Gomu Gomu no Champion Bazooka (ゴムゴムのチャンピオン･バズーカ Gomu Gomu no Chanpion Bazūka?, literally meaning "Rubber Rubber Champion Bazooka"): An anime only technique in which Luffy uses his regular bazooka attack, but aided by Mr. 3's wax to prevent him from being poisoned by Magellan. In the FUNimation subs this is called Gum-Gum Champion Bazooka.
- Gomu Gomu no Champion Gatling (ゴムゴムのチャンピオン･銃乱打 (ガトリング) Gomu Gomu no Chanpion Gaturingu?, literally meaning "Rubber Rubber Champion Gun Battering"): An anime-only technique in which the settings are the same as the Champion Bazooka, Luffy with his arms encased in wax is able to attack Magellan with a Gatling technique without being poisoned. In the FUNimation subs, this is called Gum-Gum Champion Gatling.
- Gomu Gomu no Champion Stamp (ゴムゴムのチャンピオン･スタンプ Gomu Gomu no Chanpion Sutampu?, literally meaning "Rubber Rubber Champion Stamp"): A technique in which Luffy uses his regular stamp attack, but aided by Mr. 3's wax to prevent him from being poisoned by Magellan. In the manga, this is simply called Gomu Gomu no Stamp. In the FUNimation subs this is called Gum-Gum Champion Stamp.
- Gomu Gomu no Kaiten Ono (ゴムゴムの回転斧 Gomu Gomu no Kaiten Ono?, literally meaning "Rubber Rubber Revolving Axe"): An anime only technique, a combination of moves executed by Luffy, Zoro, Sanji, and Usopp. Luffy executes Gomu Gomu no Fusen as well as twisting his body, using the stored air to launch himself into the air. Then, Usopp aboard the Going Merry fires a cannonball at Sanji, while Luffy shoots both of his arms towards the target. Sanji at this point Armée de L'air Hana Shoots the cannonball at Zoro who executes 108 Pound Ho to fire the cannonball up into the air and toward Luffy. Luffy catches the ball with his feet, the inertia of the cannonball spinning him vertically several times causing his legs to twist with each revolution. After all of the cannonball's inertia is gone, Luffy drops it and proceeds to spin forward releasing the full force of the stored energy from the winding, his body falling towards the target during all this. As Luffy approaches the target he stretches his legs out, which, through the speed of his spinning, creates the image of a large rotary blade. This attack impacts with the target, cutting it in half. The force of this seems out of Luffy's control since Zoro and Sanji has to stop him after cutting his target. This was first used to destroy Ratchet's castle in the seventh One Piece movie.
- Kamehame Gomu Gomu no Bazoo'ha (かめはめゴムゴムのバズー波 Kamehame Gomu Gomu no Bazūha?, literally meaning "Turtle Devastation Rubber Rubber Bazoo-Wave"): A combo attack that Luffy and Goku invented together to use against Buggy and Pilaf's Tettiri No. 55, during the One Piece/Dragon Ball crossover comic special, Cross Epoch. This is a simultaneous attack of Luffy's "Gomu Gomu no Bazooka" and Goku's "Kamehameha Wave". The name of this technique is a combination of their individual attack names. In the Viz Manga, this is called Kamehame Gum-Gum Bazooha.
- Gomu Gomu no Kamehameha (ゴムゴムのかめはめ波 Gomu Gomu no Kamehameha?, literally meaning "Rubber Rubber Turtle Devastation Wave"): This is a special combo maneuver that Luffy invents with Goku during the One Piece/Dragon Ball Special. The pair create a 360° "Kamehameha" attack as Luffy swings Goku round and round to help him blast the surrounding Enel horde.
- Gomu Gomu no Ora Ora (ゴムゴムのオラオラ Gomu Gomu no Ora Ora?): Only present in the game Jump Super Stars, Luffy teams up with Jotaro Kujo from JoJo's Bizarre Adventure with Luffy attacking with his Gomu Gomu no Mi and Jotaro attacking with his Stand, Star Platinum.
- Gomu Gomu no Kugi Punch (ゴムゴムの釘パンチ Gomu Gomu no Kugi Panchi?, literally meaning "Rubber Rubber Nail Punch"): A combo attack that Luffy and Toriko invented together to use against the Knock-Out Koala that resided on Hangerilla Island. Stretching his limbs around the roots of the Multitude Fruit Tree, Luffy acts as a slingshot for Toriko to launch himself at the koala, so his San Ren Kugi Punch's power is increased.
- Gomu Gomu no Rocket (ゴムゴムのロケット Gomu Gomu no Roketto?, literally meaning "Rubber Rubber Rocket"): a combo attack that Luffy, Sabo, and Ace created as kids to defeat a giant tiger. First, Sabo brought the tiger as close as possible before Luffy began to do a Gomu Gomu no Rocket with Ace on top of him. Then when the target is as close as possible, Luffy launched Ace to hit the target with his pipe staff with extreme speed. In the FUNimation subs, this is called Gum-Gum Rocket.
- Gomu Gomu no Seiken Zuki (ゴムゴムの正拳突き Gomu Gomu no Seiken Zuki?, literally meaning "Rubber Rubber Just Fist Thrust"): a combo attack performed by Luffy and Kung-Fu Dugong in order to defeat Breed, they both punch him in the stomach simultaneously. The Seiken Tsuki is the name of a punch in Karate.
- Gomu Gomu no Pitfall (?): A combo attack with Foxy, who uses his Noro Noro no Mi powers on a cannon ball, which Luffy will pummel from above. Once the 30 seconds are up, Luffy gives it one final push downwards, which will cause the cannon ball to fire directly towards the ground. When on land, it will cause a deep depression. This was done during Luffy's battle against Komei, where he used it to drain a basin of sea water in Adventure of Nebulandia.
Anime Only FormsEdit
During his second battle with Shuzo, Usopp attempts to fire Lily Enstomach into Shuzo's mouth so she could use her Mini Mini no Mi power to expand and destroy his body, but ends up being swallowed by Luffy. She then expands to her original giant size causing Luffy's rubber body to expand with her, turning him into Giant Luffy (ジャイアントルフィ Jaianto Rufi?).
In this form, Luffy is much stronger due to his increased size and mass, similar to Gear Third, and he also more resiliant, being able to easily shrug off Alpacacino's cannon fire. He also possesses horns on his head, due to the fact that Lily was wearing her viking helmet when she entered his body. He is also able to hear Lily speaking inside of him.
However he does not seem to be able to stretch due to his body already being stretched from Lily being inside of him, although he is still capable of activating Gear Second, which creates a strong hot wind from the steam.
The known Devil Fruit attacks that Luffy uses in this form are as follows:
- Gomu Gomu no Giant Jet Lance (ゴムゴムのジャイアントJET槍 (ジェットランス) Gomu Gomu no Jaianto Jetto Ransu?, literally meaning "Rubber Rubber Giant Jet Spear"): After activating Gear Second, Luffy leaps into the air and positions his feet for a Gomu Gomu no Yari, only instead, he falls towards the ground at high speeds acting as a spear himself. This was first used on Shuzo. In the FUNimation subs this is called Gum-Gum Giant Jet Spear. Much like other variations of the JET Spear/Lance, the reading somewhat contradicts the kanji, and is also spoken out in English.
- Rubber - Wikipedia article about rubber
- Yubari King - Wikipedia article about the actual fruit the Devil Fruit is apparently shaped after
- Rubber Man - TV tropes wiki article on the rubber super power trope
- Firearm - Wikipedia article about firearms in general for which a majority of Luffy's Devil Fruit techniques are named after
- Blood Doping - Wikipedia article on the process Gear Second utilizes
- Ruffys Attacken - German One Piece Encyclopedia article listing Luffy's attacks